London 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics (Part 2)
Friday, 27th July 2012 by Ian Brown
Continuing our tour of Olympic venues, we today move away from the Olympic Zone, to two other areas of London: the River Zone and Central Zone, where Games organisers are making use of well-known London landmarks for as many events as possible.
In the River Zone, the Royal Artillery Barracks will appropriately host all shooting competitions. The grounds have been segmented off into different ranges for rifle, pistol and shotgun events.
My favourite feature here is the numerous buildings which have been designed to have the appearance of being riddled with bullet holes!
Also in the River Zone are two arenas: the North Greenwich Arena1 in the Millennium Dome which houses the artistic gymnastics, basketball and Paralympic wheelchair basketball competitions and the ExCel Arena where a wide variety of different sports will take place.
Greenwich Park is the oldest of London’s royal parks. It will host the equestrian events as well as some parts of the pentathlon. Bing shows the stadium partly constructed.
The Central Zone encompasses all the other venues in the city – all for the Olympics as no Paralympic sports take place here. The marathon, triathlon and road cycling courses will take competitors past many of London’s most iconic tourist destinations, including Buckingham Palace, Hampton Court Palace, the Houses of Parliament and St Paul’s Cathedral. They also travel through two other royal parks – Regents Park and Hyde Park. It is these events where millions of spectators are expected to line the streets to see competition without having to purchase tickets.
One of the most innovative venues is the 15,000 seat temporary stadium on Horse Guards Parade – a large square behind the Prime Minister’s residence in Downing Street. Instead of hosting ceremonial pageantry such as Trooping the Colour (for the Queen’s birthday), the parade ground will see scantily-clad beach volleyball players flinging themselves around the sandy court. Neither map service shows the temporary venue, but it is pictured in this news article. (The temporary seating shown here was likely from Jubilee celebrations earlier in the year.)
And at Lord’s Cricket ground, white-dressed cricketers will be displaced by archers wielding high-tech bows. The wide expanse of the pitch is needed for a competition held at distances up to 90m; ranges will be set up in front of the stadium’s grandstands. The Telegraph has images of training held this week.
Here we see the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, more commonly known as Wimbledon. As far as I know, croquet is not an Olympic sport, so only the tennis courts will be used during the Games.
Other Central Zone venues include Earls Court Exhibition Centre (indoor volleyball), Wembley Arena (badminton and rhythmic gymnastics) and Wembley Stadium, where the football final will be held.
When we previewed some of these venues a few months ago, the Lee Valley White Water Centre in Hertfordshire (north of London) was mostly dirt and concrete. Here it is in its completed state, though with no white water apparent on the updated Google imagery.
Canoe and kayak events will take place here, with temporary seating in place for 12,000 spectators. The main loop on the west-side of the site is the competition course, while the smaller loop to the south is for practice and warm-ups. Huge pumps can create a water flow up to 13 cubic metres per second. The Olympic torch was even taken on a white-water raft ride here, as part of its months-long journey around the UK. However, this video shows that fire and water don’t mix, with the torch having to be relit from a backup flame at the end of the run! Bing allows us to see the white water in action, with several rafts and kayaks visible.
Flatwater canoe and kayak races will be held west of the city, at Dorney Lake in Buckinghamshire. More temporary seating will be needed here – for up to 20,000 viewers, many of whom will park at Windsor racecourse and take a temporary bridge across the River Thames to reach the venue. Google allows us to see the entire 2.2km (1.4mile) course, while Bing has Bird’s Eye coverage of part of it, with the lane markers visible.
The road cycling course takes riders out of the city towards the south-west before returning for a grand finish on The Mall near Buckingham Palace, where home fans will be hoping for Mark Cavendish to take the gold medal.
However, he may struggle with the 9 laps which take in the Zig Zag Road on Box Hill, a narrow and steep 2.8km (1.7miles) climb with several hair-pin bends.
Paralympic road cyclists will race at Brands Hatch – both on the circuit which is normally used for motor car and bike races, and on surrounding roads to the south-east of London.
Mountain bike races will be held in Essex, at Hadleigh Farm near Southend-on-Sea. The 5km (3mile) course is mostly across open hills, which is unusual for a sport generally held in forests or woodland. Thousands of tonnes of rock and crushed stone were used to construct a challenging course.
All sailing events will take place on England’s south coast, at the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy in Dorset. A new marina, slipway and moorings were constructed to accommodate all the boats needed for competition.
Finally, five stadiums around the UK will be used for the football competition, geographically spread across different regions to try to reach as many people as possible, including the national stadiums in Scotland and Wales. These stadiums are: the City of Coventry Stadium, Old Trafford (home of Manchester United), St James’ Park in Newcastle upon Tyne, Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales and Hampden Park in Glasgow, Scotland.
The usual O2 name has to be removed due to corporate naming restrictions during the Games. ↩