Red River Floodway
Thursday, 26th March 2009 by Ian Brown
The arrival of spring in the northern hemisphere leads to flood alerts in many areas as snow melts and rivers rise. The Red River is renowned for causing flooding in the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota.
It is Winnipeg, however, that is most threatened by this river. A terrible flood in 1950 led to construction of the Floodway from 1962 to 1968. At the time it was the world’s largest earth-moving project, bigger even than the Suez Canal. Since completion it has been used more then 20 times to protect the city’s almost 700,000 residents from flooding.
Control gates south of the city divert water into the Floodway when forecasts indicate that flooding could occur. The channel and dikes can contain flood water flowing at 2,550 cubic metres per second safely around the city and back to the river at Lockport.
The 1997 flood tested the Floodway and other dikes to their limit. Construction is currently underway to expand the channel to a capacity of 4,000 cubic metres per second. This would accommodate a “1 in 700 year event” in the terminology of the Floodway Authority.
Thanks to Daryl.