Greenland (Island week 6)
Friday, 25th November 2011 by James Turnbull
It’s surprises me that in 6 years of island-themed posts, and our frequently-documented obsession with all things “largest”, that the Google Sightseeing team have yet to feature Greenland1, the largest of all islands.
At its most northerly point Greenland is only 740km from the North Pole, and from there southwards it spans an enormous area – over 2 million km2. Unfortunately that space is largely uninhabitable ice, with the Inuit-majority population recorded at just over 56,000. This makes Greenland the least densely populated dependency or country in the world.
Ittoqqortoormiit, one of Greenland’s most remote towns, has a population of just 469. Coincidentally, this is also the number of people in the world who can correctly pronounce the town’s name.
On the mid-west coast of the island we find Thule Air Base, which is part of the US Air Force’s global early warning system, and their northernmost air base.
In 1968 a B-52 bomber crashed near the base, and there was some debate as to whether all the nuclear warheads were accounted for in the cleanup operation.
Even further north is Siorapaluk, which is the northernmost settlement in Greenland, and the whole of the American continent. During the height of summer the sun will stay in the sky for weeks on end.
Despite the name, Greenland has just one forest at Tasermiut Fjord, north of Nanortalik. After numerous failed attempts at forestry dating back to 1892, these willow and birch trees were planted in 1960 and first successfully harvested in 2005.
Naturally there’s loads of information about Greenland on Wikipedia, but I encourage you to explore the satellite imagery of Greenland’s frozen fjords, as there are some spectacular images to be found.